By Florencia Montagnini, Carl F. Jordan
Study in tropical forestry is faced with the duty of discovering suggestions to relieve strain on closing forests, and strategies to reinforce woodland regeneration and restoration deserted lands, utilizing effective possible choices that may be appealing to neighborhood human populations. additionally, sustainable forestry in tropical international locations has to be supported by way of enough guidelines to advertise and hold particular actions at neighborhood and nearby scales. the following, a multi-disciplinary technique is gifted, to higher the certainty of tropical wooded area ecology, as an important step in constructing enough recommendations for conservation and administration. The authors have lengthy adventure in either educational and useful concerns regarding tropical wooded area ecology and administration.
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Additional info for Tropical Forest Ecology: The Basis for Conservation and Management (Tropical Forestry)
Many tree species in Amazonian forests will not bring in enough money for loggers to bother with them. Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), however, brings such an extraordinary price that loggers find it worthwhile to bulldoze through miles of low-value hardwoods to locate one mahogany (Castellanet and Jordan 2002). The opening of logging roads or even just skid trails can be extremely destructive and disturbs far more than just the trail and the tree cut. The roads make it easy for land-hungry peasants, ranchers, and land speculators to enter the region.
Perhaps the Eurocentric perspective of scientists caused them to look at the problem from the wrong viewpoint. 1 that diversity tends to decrease with increases in stress. Diversity is highest where stress is least, that is, where temperatures are optimum year round, rainfall is adequate, and nutrients are plentiful and well balanced. 1 Defense Against Pests and Diseases The wet tropics, with their almost continuous hot, moist conditions, are an ideal environment for growth of bacteria and fungi, many of which cause diseases, and the insects that carry these organisms.
Sometimes the interaction is more complicated. A tree may depend upon one species of bird or insect for pollination and on another species for seed dispersion. An insect may depend upon one species of plant as a host for its larval stage and on another for its mature stage (Gilbert 1980). Often, the result of this process may be more diffuse than a simple one-to-one relationship, that is, a species may be dependent on more than one other species for its survival (Whitmore 1990). 3). 3 Impacts of logging on plant±animal interactions Logging may inadvertently eliminate individuals of a species upon which pollinators or seed dispersers depend for their various life functions.
Tropical Forest Ecology: The Basis for Conservation and Management (Tropical Forestry) by Florencia Montagnini, Carl F. Jordan