Download e-book for iPad: The Vegetation of Egypt by M. A. Zahran, A. J. Willis (auth.)

By M. A. Zahran, A. J. Willis (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1402087551

ISBN-13: 9781402087554

ISBN-10: 140208756X

ISBN-13: 9781402087561

The place of Egypt – on the cross-roads among the center East and Africa – has attracted the eye of naturalists and explorers for plenty of centuries. but whereas there are lots of experiences when it comes to the ecology and biology of Egyptian plants, the 1st factor of Zahran and Willis’ Vegetation of Egypt (1992) represented the 1st try to draw this various details jointly. during this moment version, this beneficial textual content is either up to date and extended to incorporate extra subject matters reminiscent of the position of distant sensing in mapping Egypt’s plants, and the industrial capability of significant barren region species.

Covering all the 4 significant eco-geographical areas of Egypt – the Western wilderness, the japanese barren region, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Nile sector – the e-book integrates a wealth of aspect and represents a big landmark within the crops of arid and Mediterranean-type areas. As such, it's going to offer an important connection with complicated scholars and researchers in plant technology, ecology, biogeography, climatology, fiscal botany and distant sensing.

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Earlier this century some attention was given to the Mareotis region. The extension of a railway westward of Alexandria to Mersa Matruh, and the plantation of vine, olive and date palm at Ikingi (20–25 km west of Alexandria) were “early steps towards regeneration” (De Cosson, 1935). Several attempts have been made to reintroduce a variety of orchard crops in Mareotis: vine (Vitis vinifera), fig (Ficus carica), date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), olives (Olea europaea), carob (Ceratonia siliqua), almond (Prunus amygdalus) and pistachio (Pistacia vera) (Kassas, 1972b).

Salinity of this series results from the evaporation of seepage water, where the water-table is exposed or near the surface and where there is poor drainage. The 24 3 The Western Desert soil is mostly calcareous-sandy due to the encroachment of sand from the neighbouring dunes. In certain places in these salt marshes, low bushes of Arthrocnemum macrostachyum and Halocnemum strobilaceum and other species eventually become buried under moist conditions, forming dense black rotten material from which frequently the smell of hydrogen sulphide can be detected.

Pruinosa, Tamarix nilotica and Zygophyllum album. The helophytes and fresh-water hydrophytes represent about 4% of the total number of the flora of this coastal belt. g. g. g. g. Cyperus spp. and Scirpus spp. (b) The Vegetation of Mariut Lake Mariut Lake is a closed lake covering about 23,960 feddans (feddan = 4200 m2). The northern coast of the lake is 9 km long and the southern coast 13 km. It is broadest in the middle, and has no bays or bogs. A western arm of the lake extends to the south, along a hollow between the Al-Maks-Abu Sir range in the north and the Mariut range.

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The Vegetation of Egypt by M. A. Zahran, A. J. Willis (auth.)


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