By B. G. Sidharth
B.G. Sidharth obtained his B.Sc. (Mathematics Honors), M.Sc. and PhD from Calcutta college. After operating for numerous years in Quantum Scattering, Dr. Sidharth’s paintings entered at the primary difficulties dealing with Physics at the present time. His 1997 papers, opposite to the ruling paradigm, estimated a depressing strength pushed accelerating Universe with a small cosmological consistent. Remarkably, this was once proven in 1998. His paintings offers with fuzzy spacetime and the unification of interactions and comparable difficulties inside of this context. in addition to a lot of learn courses in overseas journals, Dr. Sidharth additionally authored and edited a couple of books. moreover he has lectured commonly within the usa, Canada, Europe and different places.
B.G. Sidharth is the founder-director of the B.M. Birla technological know-how Centre, Hyderabad, India, and its constituent, the overseas Institute for acceptable arithmetic and knowledge Sciences, Hyderabad, and Udine, Italy. He used to be linked to the overseas heart for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy, for a few years having been a Senior affiliate. Dr. Sidharth is at the Editorial / Advisory forums of foreign journals, institutes and award committees. final yet no longer least he performed host to many Nobel Laureates and different physicists of global importance.
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Additional resources for The Universe of Fluctuations: The Architecture of Spacetime and the Universe
The rapid inﬂation would have diluted such particles and made them unobservable. A time line of the Universe would be  t = 10−43 secs, 1 T = 1032 K The Planck era of Quantum Gravity would have just ended and the Universe would be described by a Grand Uniﬁed Theory t = 10−35 secs, 2 T = 1028 K The Grand Uniﬁed symmetry is broken. The size of the Universe would still be only a millimeter across t = 10−10 secs, 3 T = 1015 K At this stage electroweak symmetry is broken. Already the Universe has swelled to a size of 1014 cms.
4. The quantum-geometric evolution of ﬁelds in mutual local interactions within a quantum spacetime supermanifold is described by a perpetually ongoing process of creation and annihilation of the geometro-stochastic excitons associated with them. 5. In the resulting framework for geometric Quantum Gravity, matter and quantum ﬁelds in free fall propagate by parallel transport along stochastic paths; those paths are the limits of broken paths corresponding to timeordered segmentations of a quantum gravitational spacetime supermanifold.
The diﬀerence between these sets of particles which are perceived today arise because the Universe has become cold. At suﬃciently high energies ∼ 1015 GeV , leptons and quarks would be interchangeable and so also all the three forces would have the same strength. It must be mentioned that the above energy is still beyond the reach of foreseeable accelerators. Apart from leptons and quarks, which are Fermions, or “material” particles, the ﬁelds are mediated by Bosons. These are the photons for electromagnetism, the W and Z Bosons for weak interactions and the gluons for the strong interactions.
The Universe of Fluctuations: The Architecture of Spacetime and the Universe by B. G. Sidharth