By John Mackenzie Owen
1. The start of the digital magazine within the autumn of 1987 Michael Ehringhaus and chicken Stasz of Syracuse U- versity introduced New horizons in grownup schooling, most likely the very rst ref- 1 ereed scienti c magazine to be released in digital shape ( g. 1. 1). The rst factor used to be despatched over the grownup schooling community (AEDNET). The magazine nonetheless 2 exists this present day. In March 1991 Ted Jennings of the collage at Albany (State three college of recent York) introduced EJournal, defined as an ‘electronic jo- nal enthusiastic about the results of digital networks and texts’ ( g. 1. 2), coining the now renowned time period e-journal. the web magazine of present cli- cal trials, released from September 1991, has been defined because the rst peer forty five reviewed digital magazine in medication. How signi cant is the phenomenon of the scienti c digital journaltoday, greater than a decade and a part after its advent? Over this era inf- mation and conversation applied sciences (ICT) were an enormous consider the advance of scienti c verbal exchange. functions akin to c- munication over electronic networks (converging in the direction of a unmarried community – the Internet), using automated platforms for growing, storing and retrieving 1 The scienti c magazine can be known as ‘scholarly’ or ‘research’ magazine. We use the previous time period during this learn. 2 even supposing not allotted over AEDNET yet during the world-wide-web. The rst factor is now ? on hand at http://www. nova. edu/ aed/horizons/vol1n1.
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Additional resources for The Scientific Article in the Age of Digitization
There was also the problem of language, and the sometimes disturbingly wide array of subject matter. 39 Reflecting the growth of of the new science and its success in establishing itself within the universities, the 19th century saw a significant increase in scientific publishing in terms of the number of journal titles and of published articles. 000 scientific and technical papers were published during the century. This also led to the establishment of a wellorganized system for the dissemination of scientific information involving scientific institutions, commercial academic publishers and university libraries.
Org/. 38 THE SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE IN THE AGE OF DIGITIZATION however, that our current understanding of what a scientific article is, differs in many respects from what is was a century or three centuries ago. These differences – in language, style, organization, use of illustrations etc. – are immediately apparent if one compares articles from different periods. The scientific article as a rhetoric genre has developed over the centuries in a way that requires an analysis that explains how and why scientific thinking and its expression in text and image have evolved towards its present form.
Kronick argues that although only about 25% of journals were published by scholarly societies during the period studied by him, this amounts to about 50% of all journals published at any given time due to the fact that most other journals were of very short duration (Kronick 1976, p. 121). The commodification of scientific information is possibly related to the commodification of the concept of ‘information’ or knowledge in general that goes back to pioneers of documentation such as Paul Otlet and Suzanne Briet; see Day 2001.
The Scientific Article in the Age of Digitization by John Mackenzie Owen