By Basil E. Eleftheriou, J. P. Scott (auth.), Basil E. Eleftheriou, John Paul Scott (eds.)
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Additional resources for The Physiology of Aggression and Defeat: Proceedings of a symposium held during the meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Dallas, Texas, in December 1968
Dominant animals (fighters) are more 34 J. p. SCOTT susceptible than subordinate ones. Recently in our laboratory we have shown that fighting elevates body temperature, with the result that fighting and amphetamine have an additive effect on body temperature and eventually death. Furthermore, two genetically different strains react differently to the same high dosage of amphetamine sulfate, the BALB/c strain showing a marked rise in temperature and the C57BL/6 a slight fall. The latter strain is, of course, much more resistant to amphetamine poisoning.
P. SCOTT The same authors find that in a social situation with a well-defined dominance order, only the dominant monkey can be stimulated to attack. This agrees with my own earlier attempts to elicit aggression in goats by means of frustration, where only the dominant animals fought when frustrated (Scott, 1948). There are, however, situations in which animals appear to enjoy fighting. For example, a trained fighting mouse will attack without showing any external signs of unpleasant emotion. The technique of these authors can and should be extended to study such problems more widely.
Nevertheless, the situations which elicit fighting behavior are numerous and complex, and it would be very difficult to entirely eliminate the causes of agonistic behavior in any natural situation. The effect of this conclusion is to minimize the need for sublimation of agonistic behavior and to make possible the conclusion that it is possible for animals and men to live for long periods without expressing agonistic behavior and without suffering any degree of emotional damage. Taking the contrary viewpoint, Moyer (1968) has marshalled the evidence for the existence of aggression as an internal drive state.
The Physiology of Aggression and Defeat: Proceedings of a symposium held during the meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Dallas, Texas, in December 1968 by Basil E. Eleftheriou, J. P. Scott (auth.), Basil E. Eleftheriou, John Paul Scott (eds.)