Read e-book online The Modular Architecture of Grammar PDF

By Jerrold M. Sadock

ISBN-10: 1107011949

ISBN-13: 9781107011946

Modular grammar postulates a number of independent generative structures interacting with each other rather than the present concept of transformational grammar the place there's a unmarried generative part - the syntax - from which different representations are derived. during this publication Jerrold Sadock develops his influential concept of grammar, formalizing numerous generative modules that independently symbolize the degrees of syntax, semantics, position constitution, morphology and linear order, in addition to an interface method that connects them. Multi-modular grammar presents less complicated, extra intuitive analyses of grammatical phenomena and makes it possible for better empirical assurance than winning varieties of grammar. The publication illustrates this with a wide-ranging research of English grammatical phenomena, together with elevating, keep watch over, passive, inversion, do-support, auxiliary verbs and ellipsis. The modules are basic adequate to be solid as word constitution grammars and are offered in enough aspect to make descriptions of grammatical phenomena extra specific than the approximate debts provided in different reports.

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Extra info for The Modular Architecture of Grammar

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Modifiers of functors of all sorts, probably do. The class MFx is a single variable type, not a collection of several different types. The adverb quickly, for example, can modify intransitive predicates (walk quickly), transitive functors (slice all the bagels quickly, ambiguous between “take little time to slice each bagel,” or “be quick to get all the bagels sliced”), ditransitive functors (quickly give each child every pill, which is multiply ambiguous), and so on. There are many modifiers of this kind, but I do not know of any that are specific to, say, transitive functors or one-place operators.

As mentioned above, if correspondences like (6) and (7) are part of universal grammar, then they can be used to simplify the lexicon in cases where there is no discrepancy between syntactic and semantic structure. Take a sentence such as Ben plays the zither and suppose that the lexical entry for the syntax of play in this sense is (15) so that the word will occur in syntactic structures of the form (16): (15) play syntax: V in [VP __ NP] (16) S NP1 VP V play NP2 Now according to the default alignments that are stated in (6) and (7), S corresponds to Prop, NP corresponds to Arg, and VP corresponds to Fa.

17 The existence of this generalization has to do with the fact that the semantic arguments of factive verbs are, almost as a matter of definition, old information. Besides the correlations between syntax and function-argument structure that are being investigated at this point, there are well-known correlations with other autonomous systems in language as well, one of which is information structure, some discussion of which will be found in Chapter 7. The alignment between informational organization and the order of constituents is well known.

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The Modular Architecture of Grammar by Jerrold M. Sadock

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