By F. D. Gunstone (auth.), Frank D. Gunstone, John L. Harwood, Fred B. Padley (eds.)
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Extra resources for The Lipid Handbook
Phosphonolipids are major constituents in three phyla and are synthesized by phytoplankton, the base of the food chains of the ocean (Kittredge and Roberts, 1969). The following phosphonic acids have been found in Nature; 2-aminoethylphosphonic acid, 2-methylaminoethylphosphonic acid, 2-dimethylaminoethylphosphonic acid, 2-trimethylaminoethylphosphonic acid and 2amino-3-phosphonopropionic acid. The first of these phosphonic acids is the main component of the phosphonolipids. Phosphonolipids have been reviewed by Hori and Nozawa (1982).
The major aliphatic components of suberins are w-hydroxy acids and dicarboxylic acids. Octadec9-ene-dioic acid is the usual dicarboxylic acid, and 18-hydroxyoleic the major hydroxy fatty acid. The proportion of very-long-chain fatty acids (> C2 0 ) is usually much greater in the w-hydroxy acid fraction than in the dicarboxylic acid fractions. Among the a,w-diols, fatty alcohols and fatty acids, which are often found as significant components of suberin, long chains are common. 9). However, these rules must be regarded only as a guide, since the examination of individual plant species has provided exceptions.
E. (1976) in Chemistry and Biochemistry of Natural Waxes, Elsevier, Amsterdam. Pohl, P. and Wagner, H. , 74, 541. R. (1970) Top. , 1, 316. R. (1971) Prog. Chern. Fats Other Lipids, 2, 157. R. (1979) in Fatty Acids (ed. E. H. Pryde), American Oil Chemists' Society, Champaign, p. 29. 10 Epoxy and furanoid acids oleic and 9,10,12,13,18-pentahydroxystearic acid from linoleic and include the following compounds: Epoxy acids are present in a number of seed oils where they occur as triacylglycerols and in cutins where they occur as polymers of hydroxy acids.
The Lipid Handbook by F. D. Gunstone (auth.), Frank D. Gunstone, John L. Harwood, Fred B. Padley (eds.)