By Frank L. Klement
Each American conflict has introduced clash over the level to which nationwide safeguard will enable protesters to workout their constitutional warrantly of freedom of expression. the main well-known case used to be that of Clement L. Vallandigham, the passionate critic of Lincoln's Civil struggle rules and the most arguable determine within the nation's heritage. within the nice concern of his time, he insisted that no condition, even struggle, may well deprive a citizen of his correct to oppose executive coverage freely and openly.
The final result was once a furor which shook the nation's legislative halls and stuffed the clicking with vituperation. the final word destiny for Vallandigham used to be arrest, imprisonment, and exile. The burning concerns raised via his case stay mostly unresolved this day. Mr. Klement follows the tragic irony of Vallandigham's profession and reassesses the guy and history's judgment of him. After his dying, "Valiant Val'' turned a logo of the dissenter in wartime whose case maintains to have relevance in American democracy.
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Additional resources for The Limits of Dissent: Clement L. Vallandigham and the Civil War
Medlar, "Journal, September 1, 1859April 30, 1862," Dayton and Montgomery County Public Library (hereafter cited as Medlar, "Journal");New York Times, 8, 9 September 1859. 8Cincinnati Daily Gazette, 10 September 1859; Cincinnati Daily Enquirer, 8, 9 September 1859. VALLANDIGHAM AND DOUGLAS 23 cans had voted against the bill. Even Vallandigham could not explain away the defalcation of John C. Breslin, the Democratic state treasurer, or allay the unrest and discontent caused by the Panic of 1857, which had stigmatized the party in power.
Logan, a strong Douglas man from Illinois, still held hopes for a compromise, while Vallandigham, a realist this time, expressed only pessimism. With an air of gravity the Daytonian arose at the dinner table and posed as a prophet. "Gentlemen," he exclaimed in serious mien, "if the Democratic party is dissevered in this Charleston Convention, the result will be the disruption of the Union, and one of the bloodiest civil wars on record, the magnitude of which no 33 34 Halstead, Caucuses of 1860, pp.
Eyeing the Democratic presidential nomination, the ambitious senator readily assented and came into Ohio as the swashbuckling hero. He appeared in Columbus on September 7 and Vallandigham hustled over from Dayton to be seen at Douglas's side. "~ Vallandigham heard him denounce abolitionists as disunionists, defend popular sovereignty, and praise the Democratic party as the historic purveyor of law and order. , pp. 84-85, 234-36, 700-701; Dayton Daily Journal, 26 January, 7 February 1859. 6 N e w York Times, 8 September 1859; Daily Ohio Statesman (Columbus), 8 September 1859.
The Limits of Dissent: Clement L. Vallandigham and the Civil War by Frank L. Klement