By Jay Gitlin
Histories are likely to emphasize conquest through Anglo-Americans because the motive force in the back of the improvement of the yank West. during this clean interpretation, Jay Gitlin argues that the actions of the French are the most important to figuring out the phenomenon of westward expansion.
The Seven Years warfare introduced an finish to the French colonial company in North the United States, however the French in cities resembling New Orleans, St. Louis, and Detroit survived the transition to American rule. French investors from Mid-America resembling the Chouteaus and Robidouxs of St. Louis then turned brokers of switch within the West, perfecting a method of “middle grounding” by way of pursuing alliances inside Indian and Mexican groups prior to American cost and re-investing fur exchange earnings in land, city websites, banks, and transportation. The Bourgeois Frontier offers the lacking French connection among the city Midwest and western expansion.
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Extra resources for The Bourgeois Frontier: French Towns, French Traders, and American Expansion (The Lamar Series in Western History)
19 The town grew chaotically, with wooden buildings appearing at the whim of their owners who sometimes ignored the platted dirt streets. Mud was a perennial problem, especially in the spring and fall, and, of course, if the winter was not cold enough, the endless mud pits did not freeze over. Most houses huddled near the river, and sanitation presented a problem. The corner of State and Madison seemed far from the town center. Early residents, even Yankees, often dressed in deerskin and at times painted their faces like Native Americans.
Parmalee and Company Omnibus Line, 1855. 23 In many ways Chicago remained a frontier settlement. No public transportation existed, so many Chicagoans lived near or in the same building in which they worked. This “walking-city” meant congestion and the unintended integration of Chicago by race, ethnicity, and social class. Until the 1850s, Chicago remained very much a male city. Few institutions for the young, such as schools, existed. A more equitable gender balance grew in the 1850s as the city acquired the characteristics of a nonfrontier settlement.
The Aurora Branch in September 1850. ” Within seven years, Chicago became the center of the nation’s railroad industry. In 1855, seventeen railroad lines made their way to and from the city, including the new vital rail connection to the East Coast. The federal government gave out massive land grants to the railroads as they soon fulfilled their promise to unite the country with a national market as rail lines reached out from Chicago in every direction. Nothing succeeds like success, and soon other railroads radiated from the city.
The Bourgeois Frontier: French Towns, French Traders, and American Expansion (The Lamar Series in Western History) by Jay Gitlin