Read e-book online Technology and the American Way of War Since 1945 PDF

By Thomas G. Mahnken

ISBN-10: 0231517882

ISBN-13: 9780231517881

No country in fresh historical past has positioned larger emphasis at the position of expertise in making plans and waging conflict than the USA. In international warfare II the wholesale mobilization of yankee technology and know-how culminated within the detonation of the atomic bomb. pageant with the Soviet Union through the chilly conflict, mixed with the U.S. Navy's tradition of allotted command and the speedy progress of data expertise, spawned the concept that of network-centric war. And America's post-Cold battle conflicts in Iraq, the previous Yugoslavia, and Afghanistan have highlighted America's edge.

From the atom bomb to the undercover agent satellites of the chilly warfare, the strategic boundaries of the Vietnam battle, and the technological triumphs of the Gulf struggle, Thomas G. Mahnken follows the improvement and integration of latest applied sciences into the army and emphasizes their impact at the association, venture, and tradition of the armed providers. now and again, developments in know-how have pressured diversified branches of the army to strengthen competing or enhanced weaponry, yet quite often the armed providers have molded expertise to fit their very own reasons, last resilient within the face of technological challenges.

Mahnken concludes with an exam of the reemergence of the conventional American approach of conflict, which makes use of vast strength to interact the enemy. Tying jointly six many years of dialogue bearing on U.S. army affairs, he discusses how the militia may perhaps make the most the original possibilities of the knowledge revolution sooner or later.

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Its projects included the Atlas and Titan ICBMs, Thor IRBM, and the WS-117L reconnaissance satellite. Because no single company could muster the resources needed to act as the prime contractor for the Atlas, Schriever entrusted the Ramo-Woolridge Corporation to act as the systems integrator for the project. This was a significant innovation. Heretofore the prime contractor had been responsible for the development of a weapon. The ICBM was so complex that the Air Force needed a company to coordinate the work of the hundreds of companies working on the missile.

In choosing to emphasize cruise missile over ballistic missile development, Air Force decision makers made what they believed to be the safe bet. They felt that the evolutionary development of the cruise missile would yield an intercontinental weapon. S. Air Force’s first “pilotless bomber,” the Martin Matador, was designed as a tactical surface-to-surface missile. Development of the Matador began in August 1945 and the missile entered testing in January 1949. The missile was launched by a booster rocket from a mobile trailer and was controlled electronically from the ground during flight.

However, the missiles suffered from low reliability and poor accuracy; the weapons were phased out as ballistic missiles entered the inventory. 71 While short-range missiles such as the Matador and Mace were the first to see service, from the outset the Air Force had its eye on longerrange weapons. 72 It was designed to be launched from a mobile platform by two booster rocket engines that propelled the missile to flying speed before its turbojet engine started and the boosters were jettisoned. When it arrived over its target, its nose section, which contained the nuclear warhead, would separate from the fuselage and fall in a ballistic trajectory onto the target.

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Technology and the American Way of War Since 1945 by Thomas G. Mahnken

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