New PDF release: Selection and Use of Engineering Materials

By J A. Charles and F A.A. Crane (Auth.)

ISBN-10: 0750615494

ISBN-13: 9780750615495

This paintings is designed to supply mechanical engineers, fabrics scientists and metallurgists with an figuring out of the elemental ideas of fabrics choice as practised in engineering manufacture with an outline of demonstrated fabrics utilization. The booklet areas emphasis on deciding upon carrier specifications and fabrics relate to these requisites, instead of directory fabrics and describing functions

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Extra info for Selection and Use of Engineering Materials

Example text

In some applications strength must be at a practical m i n i m u m otherwise it militates against easy forming. Material for these purposes must often be purchased in versions which have been developed especially to maximize formability. This may involve controlled anisotropy (as in extra-deepdrawing quality steel or low-earing aluminium) or low levels of second-phase particles (as in steel strip for bending). There is frequently also a need for controlled surface finishes. Machinability Machining becomes more difficult as strength increases.

Efforts are now being made to develop predictive computer p r o g r a m s for specific materials, so that the behaviour of a material with a given 36 Establishment of service requirements and failure analysis c o m b i n a t i o n of conditions can be assessed. Such a computer program may be designed to display the behaviour in terms of the anode and cathode polarization curves (see C h a p t e r 11) if this is preferred, from which the corrosion current, if any, can be predicted. Such programs are built up on a theoretical framework with data supplied from corrosion tests and from plant data.

Comparison of typical basis metal and alloy costs (£/tonne, 1987) Mild steel 9 % Nickel steel Nickel C o p p e r wire b a r s B r a s s b a r (65/35) Zinc 210 600 2470 930 820 530 quantities of a readily oxidizable element, expensive melting procedures to avoid losses on melting may be required. 3). TABLE 3 . 3 . Typical aluminium alloy costs (£/tonne, 1987) 5083 A l - 4 . 5 M g 2024 A l - 4 . 5 C u - l . 5 M g 7075 A l - 5 Z n - 3 C u - 1 . 5 M g 1845 2375 2420 It is n o t possible here to account for the variations in cost in terms of the individual alloying e l e m e n t s .

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Selection and Use of Engineering Materials by J A. Charles and F A.A. Crane (Auth.)

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