By Göran E. Nilsson
How do vertebrates get the oxygen they wish, or perhaps deal with with no it for shorter or longer classes of time? How do they feel oxygen, how do they take it up from water or air, and the way do they delivery it to their tissues? respiration method variations permit various vertebrates to thrive in severe environments the place oxygen availability is proscribed or the place there is not any oxygen in any respect. Written for college students and researchers in comparative body structure, this authoritative precis of vertebrate respiration body structure starts off by means of exploring the basics of oxygen sensing, uptake and shipping in a textbook sort. as a consequence, the reader is proven vital examples of maximum respiration functionality, like diving and excessive altitude survival in mammals and birds, air inhaling fish, and people few vertebrates which could live on with none oxygen in any respect for a number of months, exhibiting how evolution has solved the matter of lifestyles with no oxygen.
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Additional resources for Respiratory Physiology of Vertebrates: Life With and Without Oxygen
Lutz, P. , Nilsson, G. E. and Prentice, H. (2003). The Brain Without Oxygen, 3rd edn. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers/Springer. Mink J. , Blumenschine R. J. and Adams D. B. (1981). Ratio of central nervous system to body metabolism in vertebrates: its constancy and functional basis. Am. J. , 241, R203–12. Nilsson, G. E. (1996). Brain and body oxygen requirements of Gnathonemus petersii, a fish with an exceptionally large brain. J. Exp. , 199, 603–7. Introduction Nilsson, G. , Dimberg, K. and Winberg, S.
5 Future perspectives As pointed out in the introduction to this chapter, most of the studies on oxygen sensing have been carried out on human, mouse, or rat, which are all relatively hypoxia-intolerant mammals. g. Caenorhabditis elegans and zebrafish), by contrast, are relatively hypoxia tolerant. Presently, we do not really know how this difference influences oxygen-dependent responses. Furthermore, it is not clear at all whether the responses of poikilotherms are similar to those of homeotherms.
And Hankeln, T. (2000). A vertebrate globin expressed in the brain. Nature, 407, 520–3. , Landis, R. , Haskard, D. O. and Mason, J. C. (2004). Bifunctional role for VEGF-induced heme oxygenase-1 in vivo: induction of angiogenesis and inhibition of leukocytic infiltration. Blood, 103, 761–6. , Wenger, R. H. and Gassmann, M. (2002). DNA-binding activity of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs). Methods Mol. , 196, 117–29. Chan, W. , Gu, Y. Z. and Bradfield, C. A. (1999). Cross-talk between the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and hypoxia inducible factor signaling pathways – demonstration of competition and compensation.
Respiratory Physiology of Vertebrates: Life With and Without Oxygen by Göran E. Nilsson