By Andrzej Stankiewicz, Jacob A. Moulijn
The 1st consultant to assemble present study and frontline advancements within the technological know-how of approach intensification (PI), Re-Engineering the Chemical Processing Plant illustrates the layout, integration, and alertness of PI rules and buildings for the improvement and optimization of chemical and business vegetation. This quantity updates pros on rising PI gear and methodologies to advertise technological advances and operational efficacy in chemical, biochemical, and engineering environments and provides transparent examples illustrating the implementation and alertness of particular process-intensifying gear and strategies in quite a few advertisement arenas.
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Extra resources for Re-Engineering the Chemical Processing Plant
1. 5–4 cm (26). Mass transfer has been described using HTU, number of transfer units (NTU), mass transfer coefﬁcient (kL, kG), and volumetric mass transfer coefﬁcient (kLa, kGa, k S a). To accommodate the variation in packing surface wetting with radial distance, an area transfer unit (ATU) has been proposed (33). Another proposed method of evaluation uses a volume transfer unit (VTU) to account for the entire volume of the packed rotor (34). Although the ATU and VTU methods may have merit in evaluating RPB performance, these methods make comparison with other transfer devices based on HTU more difﬁcult.
In addition, packing characteristics of volumetric surface area and porosity inﬂuence liquid holdup and throughout capability (23). 4. Mass Transfer Developing correlations to describe mass transfer in rotating packed beds has proven to be a challenge. Penetration theory (31), ﬁlm-ﬂow theory (32), and modiﬁed surface-renewal theory (12) are some examples of leveraging previous work Copyright © 2004 by Marcel Dekker, Inc. All Rights Reserved. to the rotating packed bed. At issue is the need to include a multiplicity of variables as well as to understand the hydrodynamics of gas/liquid contact within the rotor.
Original equipment manufacturers of rotating equipment provide an effective resource for proper design and fabrication of RPBs. The following discussion outlines some of the basic issues to be considered in the machine design. Overriding all of the following discussion is the need to design a stable rotor with minimal vibration under the desired operating conditions. Copyright © 2004 by Marcel Dekker, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 1. Cantilevered Versus Centerhung Rotor Once the rotor dimensions of inside diameter, outside diameter, and axial height have been determined from the operating performance requirements, the rotor orientation on the shaft must be determined.
Re-Engineering the Chemical Processing Plant by Andrzej Stankiewicz, Jacob A. Moulijn