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By W. Littmann

ISBN-10: 0080868827

ISBN-13: 9780080868820

ISBN-10: 0444430016

ISBN-13: 9780444430014

This ebook covers all points of polymer flooding, an more desirable oil restoration approach utilizing water soluble polymers to extend the viscosity of flood water, for the displacement of crude oil from porous reservoir rocks. even if this system is changing into more and more vital, there's little or no literature to be had for the engineer wishing to embark on any such undertaking. some time past, polymer flooding used to be typically the topic of analysis. the result of this learn are unfold over an enormous variety of unmarried guides, making it tricky for somebody who has no longer stored up to date with advancements over the past 10 to fifteen years to pass judgement on the suitability of polymer flooding to a selected box case. This e-book attempts to fill that hole. the fundamental mechanisms of the method are defined and standards given the place it can be hired. easy components of the chemistry of EOR-polymers are supplied. the basics of polymer physics, resembling rheology, circulate in porous media and adsorption, are derived. functional tricks on blending and trying out of polymers within the laboratory are given, in addition to directions for his or her program within the oil box.

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Additional resources for Polymer Flooding

Sample text

This may be qolution This often avoided by dilution procedure, including proper mixing and shearing . ; with laboratory methods. 3 . ty Flood processes in an oil reservoir last for a relatively long period not of time. The chemicals used for enhanced oil recovery are indefirlitely stable. This means tho1 a flood project should be planned for as requirernerits ori short a the period of time as possible, and that iiome long-term stability of such chemicals should be fulfilled. For polymers temperature water this means of the should be that a reservoir and obtained, and good aqueous solution at, t,he at the that salinity of they must not the flood flocculate.

But if the pyruvate content Table 4 . --GulA Pseudomonas aeroginosa, Azetobacter vinelandi i Curd 1an --Glc 1 p 3 G l c - Alcaligenes S c 1 e r og 111can -Glc 1133 G l c - Sclerotium glucanicum. S . delphinii, S. __- Ipu 1 1u 1 an - boxtran - G ~ 'la6 c Glc -also some 1 - 2 , l - 3 . and 1--4bonds 6(Glc l a 4 G l c 104 Glc)l -- Pullaria piillans ~ _ _ _ - . e u c on o z i t o c dextranicum, st I'E? do r e s p e c l . v ( p r e c i p i t a t i o n . gel f o r m a t i o n ) arid t h o fldsorptiiJri mug i r i c v n s e o .

I m p r . O i l R e c . R o m e ( 1 9 8 5 ) Smith, C . R . : " M e c h a n i c s of s e c o n d a r y oil r e c o v e r y " , Krieger Publishing Company ( 1 9 6 6 ) Volz. H . r ! ha s t groups: Hrt? v. f {'om w o o d , seeds e f r . 1 4 . I l'o'yocrylamidew a t e r s o l u b l e p o l y m e r s wh Polyacrylamides a r e many m a n u f a c t u r e i - s by instance acrylarnide is monomer most i n many as f l o c c u l a t i n g ways f o r agents in a compound important representatives of waste derived CH2 = CH CH2 = CH CH2 = CH treatment, a c r y l i c a c i d .

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Polymer Flooding by W. Littmann


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