By Theodore T. Kozlowski, Stephen G. Pallardy
This thoroughly revised vintage quantity is an updated synthesis of the in depth learn dedicated to woody vegetation. meant basically as a textual content for college kids and a reference for researchers, this interdisciplinary publication might be necessary to a vast variety of scientists from agroforesters, agronomists, and arborists to plant pathologists, ecophysiologists, and soil scientists. a person attracted to plant body structure will locate this article precious.
* contains supplementary bankruptcy summaries and lists of common references
* offers an exceptional beginning of reference information
* completely up-to-date vintage text/reference
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Extra info for Physiology of Woody Plants, Second Edition
The cortical tissues then turn brown and degenerate. The remaining central cylinder may undergo secondary thickening. As root systems age, an increasing proportion of the total root surface becomes suberized. Only the most recently formed roots are unsuberized, and their total surface area is exceedingly small in comparison to the surface of the entire root system. Kramer and Bullock (1966) followed seasonal changes in proportions of growing and suberized roots in loblolly pine and yellow poplar trees growing in North Carolina.
This proportion is relatively constant within a species and even within many genera, although it varies within a season. However, the arrangement of cells and proportions of different cell types vary greatly among woods of different genera of angiosperms. Because of the consistent periclinal (tangential) divisions of the cambial cells during the production of secondary xylem and secondary phloem (see Chapter 3), the young, undifferentiated xylem and phloem cells are regularly aligned in radial rows.
Mucigel, a gelatinous material at the root surface, consists of natural and modified plant mucilages (Chapter 7), bacterial cells and their metabolic products, as well as colloidal, mineral, and organic matter. Mucigel is a product of the root-soil-microbial complex that lubricates the growing root and maintains contact between the root and soil, especially when roots shrink as they often do during the day (Rovira et aL, 1979). Mucigel also may be important in promoting an active soil microflora (Sutton, 1980).
Physiology of Woody Plants, Second Edition by Theodore T. Kozlowski, Stephen G. Pallardy