By Marilyn J. Siegel MD
Pediatric Sonography, Fourth Edition supplies a whole operating wisdom of the newest scanning applied sciences and the medical purposes of ultrasound in pediatric and adolescent sufferers. Readers will locate simply the assistance they should ensure the main applicable imaging approach for comparing a particular scientific challenge, behavior the sonographic exam, and interpret the findings. The e-book exhibits the sonographic visual appeal of standard anatomy and disorder techniques inside of each one organ method and issues out technical and interpretive artifacts and blunders which may have an effect on evaluations.
This variation positive aspects greater than 1,800 transparent, sharp photos, together with over three hundred full-color photos all through. different highlights comprise a brand new bankruptcy on breast sonography, discussions of the makes use of and obstacles of cellular instrumentation, and elevated assurance of ultrasound-guided interventional procedures.
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The majority of the energy Ring-down artifact. Transverse view of the upper abdomen shows a gas-filled loop of bowel with a posterior ringdown artifact (arrows). Fig. qxd 7/7/10 1:22 PM Page 29 Aptara Inc Chapter 2 • U LT R A S O U N D A R T I F A C T S 29 Comet-tail artifact. Longitudinal view of the gallbladder shows three comet-tail artifacts (arrows) arising from cholesterol crystals deposited in the superficial wall of the gallbladder. Comet tails are generally weak, but they can be well seen in the anechoic background of cystic structures such as the gallbladder.
Sound reflects at the interface between the base of the lung and the diaphragm and re-enters the liver. This reflected sound pulse interacts with structures in the liver and is subsequently reflected back to the lung–diaphragm interface and then back to the transducer. Since the sound is assumed to have traveled in a straight line, the structure in the liver is duplicated above the diaphragm. Fig. 1 Mirror image of the diaphragm. Longitudinal view of the liver shows the interface between the liver and diaphragm (first line), the interface between the diaphragm and lung (second line), and the muscular tissue of the diaphragm (d).
J Ultrasound Med 1987;6:19–22. 22. Middleton WD, Reinus WR, Melson GL, et al. Pitfalls of rotator cuff sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1986;146:555–560. 23. Nilsson A. Artifacts in sonography and Doppler. Eur Radiol 2001;11:1308–1315. 24. Pozniak MA, Zagzebski JA, Scanlan KA. Spectral and color Doppler artifacts. Radiographics 1992;12:35–44. 25. Rubens DJ, Bhatt S, Nedelka S, et al. Doppler artifacts and pitfalls. Radiol Clin North Am 2006;44:805–835. 26. Reading CC, Charboneau JW, Allison JW, et al.
Pediatric Sonography by Marilyn J. Siegel MD