By S. G. Wheatcroft, R. W. Davies, Richard Stone
This e-book incorporates a complete translation of a huge yet little-known Soviet paintings on Soviet nationwide source of revenue debts for an important level within the social and monetary transformation of the Soviet economic system from 1928 to 1930. those have been years of mass collectivisation and the launching of the Soviet industrialisation force. The USSR was once maybe specific in having a well-developed statistical provider in a position to list the exact alterations in fiscal relationships that have been occurring at the present. the interpretation is observed by way of 3 introductory articles which clarify the constitution and contents of those fabrics, what new gentle those fabrics throw at the improvement of the Soviet economic system during this interval and describe the importance of those fabrics for the background of Soviet facts and making plans. among different questions this facts casts a few doubt on contemporary makes an attempt to teach that Soviet industrialisation ended in a metamorphosis within the internet movement of products among and agriculture, in favour of agriculture. It additionally indicates that huge makes an attempt have been made through a few influential statisticians and planners within the early Thirties to examine the connection among diversified branches and sectors of the economic system. In a foreword Professor Sir Richard Stone units the fulfillment of the development of those fabrics within the context of the heritage of Western works on nationwide source of revenue debts.
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Additional resources for Materials for a Balance of the Soviet National Economy, 1928-1930
Moreover, the authors of Materialy did not undertake any new statistical investigations, but depended on the data available in the files of the central government statistical department TsUNKhU and in the various commissariats. Their estimates for 1929, and particularly for 1930, suffer from the deterioration in the amount and quality of the data available even within the statistical department; the authors of Materialy gave frequent examples of this in their notes (see pp. 286-90 below). They tried to fill the gaps by intelligent guesswork.
According to Materialy, as table 9 shows, consumption of workers per capita continued to rise in absolute terms in 1931 while the consumption of the rest of the population declined. It is probable that the slight decline in per capita consumption for the non-worker population is underestimated, and that the figure for the increase in workers' consumption per capita is exaggerated. It is, however, certain that many industrial workers and their families were partly shielded from the consumption squeeze, as they received higher rations than the mass of urban employees.
In the internal prices of the Russian Empire in 1913, agricultural production was relatively undervalued as compared with world prices, and industrial production relatively over-valued. In 1928 Soviet prices, the 'scissors' between industrial and agricultural prices had opened in favour of industry to a greater extent even than in 1913. The difference of 1913 and 1928 prices from world prices resulted from the relatively high costs and prices of important sub-sectors of industrial production, 18 Editors' introduction particularly machine-building.
Materials for a Balance of the Soviet National Economy, 1928-1930 by S. G. Wheatcroft, R. W. Davies, Richard Stone