By Dale L. Morgan
In 1822, sooner than Jedediah Smith entered the West, it was once principally an unknown land, “a wilderness,” he wrote, “of thousand miles diameter.” in the course of his 9 years as a trapper for Ashley and Henry and later for the Rocky Mountain Fur corporation, “the gentle and Christian younger man” blazed the path westward via South move; he was once the 1st to head from the Missouri overland to California, the 1st to go the size of Utah and the width of Nevada, first to commute by means of wind up via California and Oregon, first to go the Sierra Nevada. sooner than his loss of life at the Santa Fe path by the hands of the Comanches, Jed Smith and his companions had drawn the map of the west on a beaver dermis.
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Extra resources for Jedediah Smith and the Opening of the West
Its projects included the Atlas and Titan ICBMs, Thor IRBM, and the WS-117L reconnaissance satellite. Because no single company could muster the resources needed to act as the prime contractor for the Atlas, Schriever entrusted the Ramo-Woolridge Corporation to act as the systems integrator for the project. This was a significant innovation. Heretofore the prime contractor had been responsible for the development of a weapon. The ICBM was so complex that the Air Force needed a company to coordinate the work of the hundreds of companies working on the missile.
In choosing to emphasize cruise missile over ballistic missile development, Air Force decision makers made what they believed to be the safe bet. They felt that the evolutionary development of the cruise missile would yield an intercontinental weapon. S. Air Force’s first “pilotless bomber,” the Martin Matador, was designed as a tactical surface-to-surface missile. Development of the Matador began in August 1945 and the missile entered testing in January 1949. The missile was launched by a booster rocket from a mobile trailer and was controlled electronically from the ground during flight.
However, the missiles suffered from low reliability and poor accuracy; the weapons were phased out as ballistic missiles entered the inventory. 71 While short-range missiles such as the Matador and Mace were the first to see service, from the outset the Air Force had its eye on longerrange weapons. 72 It was designed to be launched from a mobile platform by two booster rocket engines that propelled the missile to flying speed before its turbojet engine started and the boosters were jettisoned. When it arrived over its target, its nose section, which contained the nuclear warhead, would separate from the fuselage and fall in a ballistic trajectory onto the target.
Jedediah Smith and the Opening of the West by Dale L. Morgan