By Ian W. Hamley
Gentle subject fabrics comprise polymers, colloids, emulsions, amphiphiles, surfactants, membranes, liquid crystals and biomaterials. even supposing those fabrics look very varied, they've got universal structural and dynamic homes which are someplace among these of crystalline solids and straightforward molecular drinks and gases. smooth subject is an interdisciplinary topic drawing not just from physics, chemistry and fabrics technological know-how but additionally from biology, biochemistry and engineering. those fabrics have a variety of functions, equivalent to in structural and packaging fabrics, foams and adhesives, detergents and cosmetics, paints, meals ingredients and organic fabrics. Written in an "easy-to-follow style", this textbook offers an advent to this interesting topic with chapters masking normal and artificial polymers, colloids, surfactants, organic smooth topic and liquid crystals and the numerous and sundry purposes of those fabrics. it's been newly edited and has chapters with up to date insurance of modern features of polymer technology. a sequence of questions and solutions is usually supplied on the finish of every bankruptcy. The ebook incorporates a new bankruptcy on organic gentle subject, which provides considerably to the dialogue of proteins, DNA and lipid membranes within the prior version. The publication will entice scholars of polymer, biomaterial, colloid, floor and interface technology. skilled researchers within the box also will locate this an exceptional introductory textual content for revising their wisdom of the fundamentals.
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Additional info for Introduction to Soft Matter: Synthetic and Biological Self-Assembling Materials
Nevertheless, the molar mass Mn can be obtained by fitting Eq. 9) to the data. An alternative to membrane osmometry is vapour pressure osmometry, in which the lowering of solvent vapour pressure due to polymer solute is exploited. If one drop of pure solvent and one of solution are placed close together, solvent from the vapour will condense on the solution drop because of the vapour pressure difference. This causes the temperature of the solution drop to rise, which can be measured with a sensitive thermometer.
JWBK180-01 JWBK180-Hamley FURTHER READING June 26, 2007 20:28 Char Count= 0 37 Banwell, C. N. and E. M. McCash, Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy, 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill, London (1994). ¨ Evans, D. F. and H. Wennerstrom, The Colloidal Domain. Where Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Technology Meet, 2nd Edition, Wiley–VCH, New York (1999). Hunter, R. , Foundations of Colloid Science, Vol. I, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1987). , B. Lindman, K. Holmberg and B. Kronberg, Surfactants and Polymers in Aqueous Solution, Wiley, Chichester (1998).
Here P(q) is the single particle scattering term (the square of the form factor) and S(q) is the interparticle scattering term, known as the structure factor. 28) is strictly only valid for a collection of spherical particles, but provides a good approximation in other situations as long as the particles are not too anisotropic. The form factor and structure factor can often be separated. Then we can obtain information on the particle size and shape from P(q) using appropriate models. e. information on the phase shift of waves upon diffraction is lost because intensities are measured.
Introduction to Soft Matter: Synthetic and Biological Self-Assembling Materials by Ian W. Hamley