Read e-book online Grundzüge der Relativitätstheorie PDF

By Albert Einstein

ISBN-10: 3540878467

ISBN-13: 9783540878469

„In der vorliegenden Ausarbeitung von vier Vortr?gen, die ich an der Universit?t Princeton im Mai 1921 gehalten habe, wollte ich die Hauptgedanken und mathematischen Methoden der Relativit?tstheorie zusammenfassen. Dabei habe ich mich bem?ht, alles weniger Wesentliche wegzulassen, das Grunds?tzliche aber doch so zu behandeln, dass das Ganze als Einf?hrung f?r alle diejenigen dienen kann, welche die Elemente der h?heren Mathematik beherrschen, aber nicht allzuviel Zeit und M?he auf den Gegenstand verwenden wollen. Auf Vollst?ndigkeit kann diese kurze Darlegung selbstverst?ndlich keinen Anspruch machen, zumal ich die feineren, mehr mathematisch interessanten Entwicklungen, welche sich auf Variationsrechnung gr?nden, nicht behandelt habe. Mein Hauptziel struggle es, das Grunds?tzliche in dem ganzen Gedankengang der Theorie klar hervortreten zu lassen.“ Albert Einstein (Vorwort zur 1. Auflage der "Vier Vorlesungen ?ber Relativit?tstheorie")

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43). 44 Beer Can (Princeton, Moscow Phys-Tech) A space station is in a circular orbit about the Earth astronaut on a space walk happens to be a distance the station on the line joining the station to the center practice, the astronaut can throw a beer can so that at a radius An on the far side of of the Earth. With it appears to orbit MECHANICS 27 the space station in the plane of the motion of the space station about the Earth according to an observer on the station (see Figure P. 44). You may disregard the gravitational attraction between the beer can and the space station.

36 Three Masses and Three Springs on Hoop (Columbia, Stony Brook, MIT) Three masses, each of mass are interconnected by identical massless springs of spring constant and are placed on a smooth circular hoop as PROBLEMS 22 shown in Figure P. 36. The hoop is fixed in space. Neglect gravity and friction. Determine the natural frequencies of the system, and the shape of the associated modes of vibration. 37 Nonlinear Oscillator (Princeton) a) A nonlinear oscillator has a potential given by with a small parameter.

21 Neutron Scattering (Moscow Phys-Tech) Neutrons can easily penetrate thick lead partitions but are absorbed much more efficiently in water or in other materials with high hydrogen content. 21). 22 Collision of Mass–Spring System (MIT) A mass with initial velocity strikes a mass-spring system initially at rest but able to recoil. The spring is massless with spring constant (see Figure P. 22). There is no friction. a) What is the maximum compression of the spring? b) If, long after the collision, both objects travel in the same direction, what are the final velocities and of and respectively?

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Grundzüge der Relativitätstheorie by Albert Einstein

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