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Extra info for Fortran 77 4.0 Reference Manual
For the backslash (\) character, you may need to use an escape sequence or use the –xl compiler option. The backslash (\) is also called a reverse solidus, and the slash (/), a solidus. For the newline (\n) character, you must use an escape sequence. See also Table 2-5. 6 Symbolic Names The items in the following table can have symbolic names: Table 1-3 Items with Symbolic Names Symbolic constants Variables Arrays Structures ♦ Records ♦ Record fields ♦ Labeled commons Namelist groups ♦ Main programs Subroutines Functions Entry points The following restrictions apply: • • Symbolic names can have from 1 to 32 characters.
A Hollerith constant occupies 1 byte of storage for each character. A Hollerith constant is aligned on 2-byte boundaries. The FORTRAN 77 standard does not have this old Hollerith notation, although the standard recommends implementing the Hollerith feature to improve compatibility with old programs. Hollerith data can be used in place of character-string constants. They can also be used in IF tests, and to initialize noncharacter variables in DATA statements and assignment statements, though none of these are recommended, and none are standard.
INTEGER*4 is aligned on 4-byte boundaries. INTEGER*8 ♦ The integer data type, INTEGER*8, holds a signed 64-bit integer. It is allowed only if the -dbl option is set. An INTEGER*8 occupies 8 bytes. INTEGER*8 is aligned on 8-byte boundaries. TRUE. FALSE. TRUE. The usual default size for an LOGICAL item with no size specified is 4. However: • • • If the –i2 option is set, then the default size is 2; otherwise, it is 4. If the –r8 or -dbl option is set, then the default size is 8; otherwise, it is 4.
Fortran 77 4.0 Reference Manual