By Morel, Laure
The electronic economic climate is now increasing quickly, and is beginning to overturn the previous achievements of the economic Revolution. first and foremost conducting the area of companies, it really is now turning to the manufacture of gadgets. simply as microcomputing advanced from huge scale computing to extra own use, and because the net left in the back of the area of armies and universities to develop into common, commercial construction is steadily turning into at once managed through members. This appropriation is being performed both on a private point, or, extra considerably, inside neighborhood or planetary groups: Fab Labs.
These electronic fabrication laboratories supply workshops to contributors of the general public the place all types of instruments can be found (including 3D printers, laser cutters and sanders) for the layout and construction of custom-made objects. The bringing jointly of assorted clients (amateurs, designers, artists, “dabblers”, etc.) and percentages for collaboration lies on the center of those open-access effective areas.
This e-book covers various advances during this new own fabrication and numerous concerns that it has raised, particularly by way of the choices to salaried paintings, highbrow estate, ecological openings and the hitherto unseen structuring of societies.
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Extra resources for Fab labs: innovative user
In fact, it is also interesting to discuss the position of companies and what strategies to adopt toward the innovator-user communities that may well revolutionize the markets of tomorrow. Indeed, innovation from user communities is a growing phenomenon that can eventually compete, or in some cases replace, the way traditional businesses innovate. This phenomenon is mainly due to technological factors such as the transition to digital design and modular production practices, coupled with the possibility of Internet communication at a very low cost to users.
Org 2000 Community of users involved in craft, crochet, sewing, etc. 2. Examples of innovator-user communities 32 Fab Labs If we have understood the general operation of a Fab Lab, one question remains unanswered: what are the main motives leading individuals to become members of a community, and therefore to feed these platforms with their knowledge and experience? 1. Members’ motivation According to Frauenfelder and Heyborne [FRA 10], several factors are involved, including the personal challenge of overcoming a technical difficulty, the desire to learn new skills, intellectual curiosity, interest in the objects themselves, the ability to build with one’s own hands and not just virtually, the need for creative and unique expression or the excitement of creating unique objects that cannot be bought.
When Neil Gershenfeld began to develop the MIT Fab Lab in 2005, the IAAC followed suit and benefited from the support of MIT until the creation of the BCN Fab Lab in May 2007. Let us also note that this center is very active in the network since it runs the Fab Academy and Fab Foundation in Europe; 16 Fab Labs – the Amsterdam Fab Lab was created in 2008 with the support of the Waag Society Association: “The Fab Lab perfectly symbolizes the values of the Waag Society. This institute for art, science and technology develops creative technology for social innovation; the Foundation conducts research and develops concepts, pilots and prototypes and acts as an intermediary between art, science and the media2.
Fab labs: innovative user by Morel, Laure