By Matteo Morganti
Technology and philosophy either show, and try to quench, the distinctively human thirst for wisdom. this present day, their mutual courting has develop into considered one of clash or indifference instead of cooperation. whilst, scientists and philosophers alike have moved clear of a minimum of a few of our usual ideals. yet what can medical and philosophical theories let us know concerning the global, in isolation from one another? And to what volume does a worldly research into the character of items strength us to question common sense ideals? This booklet defends a sort of naturalism which preserves the autonomy of metaphysics – the a part of philosophy that goals to discover the elemental positive aspects of fact - whereas additionally preserving technology centre level. The proposed methodological point of view permits one to hunt the correct equilibrium among technology, metaphysics and customary experience. this can be illustrated through 3 case stories, which supply a transparent dialogue of key philosophical concerns.
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Additional resources for Combining Science and Metaphysics: Contemporary Physics, Conceptual Revision and Common Sense (New Directions in the Philosophy of Science)
To provide an answer to these questions, and thus also a positive characterisation of the appropriate science-informed conception of metaphysics, we now need to get back to something that we only hinted at so far (when mentioning the ideas about possibility vs. actuality and ontological priority and dependence put forward by Lowe and Schaffer, respectively). This will be done in the next chapter. The basic ideas, however, should be already clear by now, and can therefore be expressed succinctly.
Lowe, instead, puts particular emphasis on the fact that metaphysics deals with possibilities. We will look at these ideas in more detail in the next chapter. For the time being, it is sufficient that there is an alternative to 18 Combining Science and Metaphysics the ‘canonical’ understanding of metaphysics which, as we have seen, is in fact open to criticism. In light of the foregoing discussion, it looks as though drawing a distinction between science and metaphysics in terms of the nature of the questions asked and of the hypotheses formulated – although it requires some caution – appears both possible and advisable.
First of all, it is true that philosophers have been often wrong in claiming that something is possibly/necessarily (not) the case, as the contrary turned out to hold as science progressed. But starting from the view – endorsed here – that the aim of metaphysics is to identify the range of what might be true, and only in limiting cases2 can the metaphysician point to (what he or she perceives as) the actually true hypothesis, a few rejoinders to Ladyman and Ross remain available. First, the examples offered by Ladyman and Ross might be interpreted as only showing that some philosophers were not doing proper metaphysics and/or were misunderstanding the nature and capacity of proper metaphysics.
Combining Science and Metaphysics: Contemporary Physics, Conceptual Revision and Common Sense (New Directions in the Philosophy of Science) by Matteo Morganti