By Frances M. Hamer
Chapter I more often than not Introductory (pages 1–31):
Chapter II Methincyanines (pages 32–76):
Chapter III Methincyanines with Substituents at the Chain (pages 77–85):
Chapter IV Symmetrical Trimethincyanines (pages 86–115):
Chapter V Unsymmetrical Trimethincyanines (pages 116–147):
Chapter VI Trimethincyanines with Substituents at the Chain (pages 148–199):
Chapter VII Symmetrical and Unsymmetrical Pentamethincyanines, together with people with Substituents at the Chain (pages 200–243):
Chapter VIII Symmetrical and Unsymmetrical Heptamethincyanines, together with people with Substituents at the Chain; Polymethincyanines (pages 244–269):
Chapter IX Cyanines within which the Odd?Numbered Carbon Chain, Which hyperlinks the Nuclei, or a part of it, is Cyclic (pages 270–291):
Chapter X diversifications within the Nuclei Which input into Cyanine Molecules (pages 292–350):
Chapter XI Bases, together with a few With Substituents at the Chain, of Which Cyanines are the Quaternary Salts (pages 351–374):
Chapter XII Azacyanines, together with Dyes Substituted at the Chain, and Bases of Which the Quaternary Salts are Azacyanines (pages 375–397):
Chapter XIII definite periods of Dyes concerning Cyanines (pages 398–510):
Chapter XIV Merocyanines (pages 511–611):
Chapter XV Trinuclear and Polynuclear Cyanines (pages 612–684):
Chapter XVI the connection among color and structure within the Cyanine sequence (pages 685–705):
Chapter XVII Photographic Sensitisation and a few different houses and makes use of of Cyanine Dyes (pages 706–741):
Read Online or Download Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds: The Cyanine Dyes and Related Compounds, Volume 18 PDF
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Extra resources for Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds: The Cyanine Dyes and Related Compounds, Volume 18
In the early days the nomenclature was simple. When the only known cyanines had two quinoline nuclei linked by a methin group, it was convenient to describe those having a trimethin chain as carbocyanines. When cyanines with a pentamethin chain were discovered, it was logical to call them dicarbocyanines, and, later, those with a heptamethin chain were named tricarbocyanines. T b e terms tetracarbocyanines and pentacarbocyanines were also added, but are of doubtful value. The introduction of nuclei other than quinoline, such as benzoxazole, benzothiazole, and 3,3-dimethylindolenine, led to the introduction of terms such as oxa-, thia-, indo-cyanines, and -carbocyanines, etc.
The introduction of nuclei other than quinoline, such as benzoxazole, benzothiazole, and 3,3-dimethylindolenine, led to the introduction of terms such as oxa-, thia-, indo-cyanines, and -carbocyanines, etc. These still retain a definite usefulness, as a shorthand description of types of compounds. It became clear, however, that the discovery of new kinds of cyanines Mainly Introductory 27 was outgrowing the nomenclature. A special difficulty arose when cyanines having monocyclic nuclei, such as pyridine or thiazole, were synthesised, because these were simpler than the first cyanines, and a fresh trivial name had to be introduced to cover each new type.
707 707 708 710 712 715 716 Contents XXXVI . G Effects of Non-Planarity of the Dye Molecule .............. H . Supersensitisation and Anti-Sensitisation .................. I Mechanism of Sensitisation. etc........................... 3. Desensitisation ............................................ 4. Use of Cyanines as Dyes for Textiles .......................... 5 Use in Photographic Filter Layers ............................ 6 Uses of Cyanines in Chemotherapy .......................... 7 Some Other Properties of Cyanines ..........................
Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds: The Cyanine Dyes and Related Compounds, Volume 18 by Frances M. Hamer