By Naim Kosaric, Fazilet Vardar Sukan
''Biosurfactants can effectively change and increase the homes of chemically synthesized surface-active brokers. This publication comprises distinctiveness chapters facing equipment for construction of biosurfactants on a laboratory and industrial/commercial scale. It provides novel and confirmed functions of biosurfactants. the hot variation is aimed toward genuine construction and purposes of biosurfactants in modern biotechnology, reflecting the advances made because the booklet of the 1st version. a different bankruptcy is dedicated to the evaluation and overview of particular chosen patents when it comes to biosurfactants''-- Read more...
summary: ''Biosurfactants can effectively substitute and increase the homes of chemically synthesized surface-active brokers. This publication includes area of expertise chapters facing tools for construction of biosurfactants on a laboratory and industrial/commercial scale. It offers novel and confirmed purposes of biosurfactants. the recent version is aimed toward genuine creation and functions of biosurfactants in glossy biotechnology, reflecting the advances made because the ebook of the 1st version. a different bankruptcy is dedicated to the evaluate and evaluate of particular chosen patents when it comes to biosurfactants''
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Additional resources for Biosurfactants : production and utilization--processes, technologies, and economics
Hommel, R K, L Weber, A Weiss, U Himmelreich, O Rilke, and H P Kleber. 1994b. Production of sophorose lipid by Candida (Torulopsis) apicola grown on glucose. Journal of Biotechnology 33 (2): 147–155. Imura, T, Y Masuda, H Minamikawa, T Fukuoka, M Konishi, T Morita, H Sakai, M Abe, and D Kitamoto. 2010. Enzymatic conversion of diacetylated sophoroselipid into acetylated glucoselipid: Surface-active properties of novel bolaform biosurfactants. Journal of Oleo Science 59 (9): 495–501. Isoda, H, D Kitamoto, H Shinmoto, M Matsumura, and T Nakahara.
2012). If one requires a specific sophorolipid isoform, chromatographic methods with silica or preparative reversed-phase columns are required (Lin 1996). Yet, this is only feasible at small scale. 4 Costs Obviously, production price depends on several factors: the type of substrates used and the hereto connected yields, product recovery strategy and required purity, scale, and so on. From these factors, scale has the main influence on the production price; large-scale production allows big investments in equipment and maintenance bringing down the cost per kg of the product.
6 REGULATION OF SOPHOROLIPID BIOSYNTHESIS Sophorolipids are mainly secreted during the stationary phase and their presence is not obligatory for cell viability. Hence, they can be considered as secondary metabolites. The molecules are Sophorolipids 25 produced at certain limiting conditions in excess of a carbon source and, therefore, it is suggested that they act as an external carbon sink. In other fungal organisms producing glycolipids, for example, MELS and cellobiose lipids, the expression of the clustered genes is controlled by a transcription factor that is activated in response to a changing environment.
Biosurfactants : production and utilization--processes, technologies, and economics by Naim Kosaric, Fazilet Vardar Sukan