Download PDF by Wiebren de Jong, J. Ruud van Ommen: Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future:

By Wiebren de Jong, J. Ruud van Ommen

ISBN-10: 1118304918

ISBN-13: 9781118304914

Targeting the conversion of biomass into fuel or liquid fuels the e-book covers actual pre-treatment applied sciences, thermal, chemical and biochemical conversion technologies
• Details the newest biomass characterization techniques
• Explains the biochemical and thermochemical conversion processes
• Discusses the advance of built-in biorefineries, that are just like petroleum refineries in idea, masking such issues as reactor configurations and downstream processing
• Describes find out how to mitigate the environmental hazards whilst utilizing biomass as fuel
• Includes many difficulties, small tasks, pattern calculations and commercial software examples

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Extra info for Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future: Fundamentals of Conversion Processes

Sample text

Future CO2 increases could, in contrast, warm the climate by 10 C or more. Nitrous oxide (N2O) and CFCs are in some ways more like CO2 in that once released they remain in the atmosphere for a century or more. The production of N2O, however, is only indirectly dependent on human activities. Its principal source is a natural one, the bacterial removal of nitrogen from soils, and although the world population swells in coming years, the amount in the air should increase only slowly. The outlook for many CFCs is even more promising.

2000). Photosynthesis is the chemical process by which chlorophyll-containing plants and some bacteria can capture CO2 and organically convert it with water under the influence of irradiated solar energy. , 2005). This chemical reaction forming a carbohydrate polymer can be described by the following simple equation: 6nCO2 + ð5n + 1ÞH2 O + solar energy ! C6n ðH2 OÞ5n + 1 + 6nO2 ðRX: 1:4Þ A number of processes return CO2 partially back to the atmosphere, namely: • Autotrophic plant respiration, due to consumption by the plant of part of the carbohydrate polymer to sustain its metabolism • Heterotrophic respiration, whereby soil microbes oxidize plant-derived organic matter • Fires 14 INTRODUCTION The main terrestrial carbon storage capacity, being about three times the current atmospheric carbon quantity, is predominantly situated in forests, with resistance against plant matter decay being very important.

The impact of such a change is still comparatively straightforward when considering the next form of LUC. , food production that then is started on land elsewhere where forest or other high carbon stock land is converted to arable land. Considerable debate exists among scientists about the extent of the impact of iLUC on GHG emissions. When biomass is grown for energy supply on purpose, it should not compete with food, feed, and fiber production; therefore, cultivation on lower-quality lands with comparatively low carbon stock is advisable.

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Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future: Fundamentals of Conversion Processes by Wiebren de Jong, J. Ruud van Ommen

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