By Waldemar Walczowski
The booklet offers a large description of hydrographic stipulations within the studied quarter of the Norwegian and Greenland Seas. Variability of the Atlantic Water homes were offered at the foundation of time sequence received from oceanographic measurements played each one summer time from 2000 to 2007 via the Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences. The warming saw in that interval has been defined intimately in addition to cooling of the Atlantic Water flowing in the direction of the Fram Strait in 2007. moreover, strategies concerning multi-branch constitution of the West Spitsbergen present were offered, sorts of flows in person branches in addition to variability of the flows. Description of the constitution, transports and variability of the ocean currents is primarily based on hydrographic measurements and baroclinic calculations. the implications be sure a number one function of the sea in weather shaping and recognizes the significance of the Thermohaline flow for the climate.
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Extra resources for Atlantic Water in the Nordic Seas: Properties, Variability, Climatic Importance
For years our comprehension of the ocean have evolved. The primary objective of the work is to integrate, analyse and present the results of the research conducted in the Nordic Seas by the Physical Oceanography Department in the context of the impact which the studied processes of the changes in the Atlantic Water properties and heat transport by the West Spitsbergen Current have upon climate. 9 The Objective and Scope of this Work 17 data from that period. The work focuses on the Atlantic Water, its variability, large-scale processes of heat transport by the AW volume.
The Mohn Ridge starts at Jan Mayen and extends towards the north-east. Its depth is between 1,000 and 2,000 m and it is rather a group of isolated elevations, underwater mountains, than a homogenous ridge. The Knipovich Ridge, stretching from the Mohn Ridge to the Fram Strait, is of similar 24 2 The Nordic Seas Fig. 1 Bathymetry of the Nordic Seas based on ETOPO2 data (NOAA 2006). The 500 and 2,500 m isobaths are thickened structure. The highest peaks project more than 1,000 m above the ridges, which is of great importance for the generation of currents in that area, including in particular the eddies generated by topography (Walczowski 1997).
Springer, Berlin, p 323 Mork KA, Blindheim J (2000) Variation in the Atlantic Inflow to the Nordic Seas, 1955–1996. Deep-Sea Res 47(6):1035–1057. 1016/S0967-06379900091-6 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (2006) 2-minute gridded Global Relief Data ETOPO2v2, Nat. Geophys. S. Dept. noaa. gov/ References 39 Orvik KA, Niiler P (2002) Major pathways of Atlantic water in the northern North Atlantic and the Nordic Seas toward the Arctic. Geophys Res Lett 29(19):1896. 1029/ 2002GL015002 (L015002) Orvik KA, Skagseth Ø (2003) The impact of the wind stress curl in the North Atlantic on the Atlantic inflow to the Norwegian Sea toward the Arctic.
Atlantic Water in the Nordic Seas: Properties, Variability, Climatic Importance by Waldemar Walczowski