By Manuela Giovannetti, Luciano Avio, Cristiana Sbrana (auth.), Hinanit Koltai, Yoram Kapulnik (eds.)
In the years because the first version of “Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: body structure and serve as” was once released, an outstanding proliferation of curiosity in mycorrhizal biology has built. This has been linked to advances in several learn disciplines equivalent to genetics, genomics, proteomics, metabolomics and body structure, advances that have generated higher perception into issues of mycorrhizal biology, together with the mechanisms of host-mycorrhiza interactions pre- and post-penetration, the impression of the symbiosis at the host and its atmosphere, and the evolution and variety of mycorrhization. It accordingly turned essential to either replace and extend the book's assurance during this, its moment edition.
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Extra info for Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: Physiology and Function
New Phytol 87:761–768 Sward RJ (1981b) The structure of the spores of Gigaspora margarita. II. Changes accompanying germination. New Phytol 88:661–666 Sward RJ (1981c) The structure of the spores of Gigaspora margarita. III. Germ tube emergence and growth. New Phytol 88:667–673 Sylvia DM, Schenck NC (1983) Germination of chlamidospores of three Glomus species as affected by soil matric potential and fungal contamination. Mycologia 75:30–35 Sylvia D, Williams SE (1992) Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae and environmental stresses.
The 2D fractions analyzed contained hyphal growth/branching factors as had been reported previously (Nagahashi and Douds 2000). 2 ppm), putative adducts, and the percent natural abundance of elements (C13 isotope). 2 The scatter plot distribution of metabolites in the crude exudates that are altered in relative abundance between –Pi and +Pi treatments. Comparisons of the average levels of the detected masses based on absolute intensities of –Pi and +Pi crude fractions were conducted using the Student t-test.
These compounds are elevated in the exudates of plant roots grown under phosphorus (Pi) stress (Nagahashi and Douds 2000; Akiyama et al. 2002; Yoneyama et al. 2007b), and the enhanced exudation of these compounds can increase appressoria formation and therefore enhance the colonization of the host root by AM fungi (Tawaraya et al. 1998). Some of these exuded compounds stimulate elongation growth (Nair et al. 1991; Becard et al. 1992; Scervino et al. 2005; Nagahashi and Douds 2007) which probably allows the fungus to explore the soil at farther distances from the germinated spore.
Arbuscular Mycorrhizas: Physiology and Function by Manuela Giovannetti, Luciano Avio, Cristiana Sbrana (auth.), Hinanit Koltai, Yoram Kapulnik (eds.)