By E. M. Eisenstein (auth.), Edward M. Eisenstein (eds.)
This quantity had its inception at a symposium entitled Aneura1 Organisms: Their value for Neurobiology held on the wintry weather convention on mind learn in Vail, Colorado, in January, 1972. the unique individuals have been Drs. Epstein, Hamilton, Kung, wooden and myself. despite the fact that, on the grounds that that point numerous different authors (Drs. Applewhite, Chen, Diehn and Ettienne) have been requested to contri bute papers and all have been requested to replace their shows on the way to current a vast point of view as to the function and importance of aneura1 structures for investigating neurobiological difficulties. This quantity is the results of that attempt. I desire to thank Dr. Claude F. Baxter, this system chairman of the wintry weather convention, and his employees for his or her aid, in addition to the members for his or her efforts. nice appreciation is due Mrs. Sharon Loomis for her first-class paintings in getting ready the manuscript for book. it truly is our desire that this quantity will display the usefulness and benefits in exploiting aneura1 structures for the insights they could yield in answering a number of the primary neurobiological questions dealing with us. E.M. Eisenstein v Contents Aneural platforms and Neurobiology: some extent of View . • . 1 E.M. Eisenstein (Introduction) Protozoa as versions of Stimulus Transduction five David C. wooden Genetic Dissection - An method of Neurobiology 25 Ching Kung Cybernetics and the habit of Microorganisms forty-one Bodo Diehn keep watch over of Ciliary task in Aneural Organisms fifty nine Miles Epstein Membrane power and behaviour: thought of a version method • . . . . . . . .
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Extra resources for Aneural Organisms in Neurobiology
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. , 58 1112-1119. Brenner, S. 1973. The genetics of behavior. Brit. Med. , 12, 269-311. Y. and Kung, C. 1973a. Temperature sensitive Pawns: heatsensitive behavioral mutants of Paramecium aurelia. Science, 180, 1197-1199. Y. and Kung, C. 1973b. Genetic analyses of heat sensitive pawn mutants of Paramecium aurelia. Genetics, 75, 49-59. Eckert, R. 1972. Bioelectric control of ciliary-activity. Science, 176, 473-48l. , Naitoh, Y. and Friedman, K. 1972. Sensory mechanisms in Paramecium I.
The cilia of these tritonated models of Pawns can be reactivated to beat by Mg++ and ATP and to reverse by Ca++ and ATP as the cilia of the wild type models. This indicates that the apparatuses needed to beat and to reverse the beat are intact in this mutant. We now have evidence that other Pawns are defective in their membranes in a similar manner (Satow and Kung, 1974). (2) Temperature sensitive Pawns. Five lines bearing genes on two loci and exhibiting a temperature dependent Pawn character have recently been selected and identified (Chang and Kung, 1973a,b).
Here again, an inverse kinesis leads to accumulation in the stimulated region because the organisms slow down apd thus experience a delay in leaving this zone. Analogously, a direct kinesis leads to a dispersal from the stimulated region, as in photostimulation of Rhodospirillium (Throm, 1968). Phobic Responses. They are shock reactions which occur as the consequence of changes in stimulus intensity. They are expressed as cessation of forward movement, followed by turning and subsequent movement in another but random direction.
Aneural Organisms in Neurobiology by E. M. Eisenstein (auth.), Edward M. Eisenstein (eds.)