By Anna Lewington, Edward Parker
"Among all of the various productions with which Nature has decorated the surfaces of the earth, none awakens our sympathies, or pursuits our mind's eye so powerfully as these venerable bushes, which appear to have stood the lapse of ages." - John Muir, 1868
A attention-grabbing social gathering of the a number of the oldest residing organisms on this planet, from the grand Oaks of Europe and amazing Redwoods of California to Africas upside-down Baobab tree, and from the Ginkgos of China and Korea to the Olive tree, the global image of peace.
Ancient bushes covers these species of tree that experience lived for greater than 1000 years: the Redwood, Bristlecone pine, Montezuma Cypress, the Monkey Puzzle, Amazonian Ancients, Yew, Oak, candy Chestnut, Lime, Olive, Welwitschia, the Baobab, Kauri, Totara, Antarctic Beech, the Fig, Cedar, and Ginkgo.
Anna Lewington, the well known author on all issues botanical, and best flora and fauna photographer Edward Parker supply an illuminating and visually extraordinary heritage of every tree species, together with the place the long-living species can nonetheless be stumbled on, the bushes botanical info, and its legendary institutions.
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Extra info for Ancient Trees: Trees That Live for 1,000 Years
The first group of key factors includes the characteristics of atmospheric precipitation, especially the length of the duration of rain - td, rain intensity - is and the areal distribution of rain (precipitation). The other group of key factors on which surface runoff depends includes the characteristics of the drainage basin (territory), particularly the size and shape of the drainage basin (territory), its soil conditions and plant life, its topography and the human activities practiced there.
X,) act in isolation: they always combine and interact to influence the mechanism of the erosion processes. 3). Though the erosion factors combine and interact, it may happen under actual conditions that the effect of one factor or a group of factors will prevail and become a factor (factors) of key importance. The influence of man’s activity on the world of Nature is generally increasing, including also an intensifying influence on the erosion processes. g. vegetation and (to some extent) the topography of whole regions.
Such effects are usually classified as g e o 1o g i c a 1 e r o s i o n but sometimes they are placed under the heading of subsurface erosion which also comprises vertical erosion (shifting fine soil particles, especially nutrients, to the lower soil horizons) and tunnel erosion. , the scraping of rock surface by rock fragments transported over it by wind. Wind erosion is less important under European conditions; however, when it occurs it always affects a large area. 1 Deflation The removal of loose earth particles by wind, referred to as deflation, is subdivided according to the mode by which the particles are driven or carried by wind: thus we recognise shifting erosion and dust storms.
Ancient Trees: Trees That Live for 1,000 Years by Anna Lewington, Edward Parker