By João Freitas, António Teixeira, Miguel Sales Dias, Samuel Silva
This publication offers a large and complete evaluate of the prevailing technical methods within the sector of silent speech interfaces (SSI), either in conception and in program. every one strategy is defined within the context of the human speech construction technique, permitting the reader to obviously comprehend the foundations at the back of SSI ordinarily and throughout assorted equipment. also, the ebook explores the mixed use of other facts resources, accumulated from numerous sensors, which will take on the restrictions of less complicated SSI techniques, addressing present demanding situations of this box. The e-book additionally offers information regarding current SSI functions, assets and a straightforward instructional on tips on how to construct an SSI.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Silent Speech Interfaces
2010; Hofe et al. 2013b), referred to as permanent magnetic articulography (PMA) (Hofe et al. 2013a). In contrast to EMA, PMA does not provide exact locations of the markers, as it is not yet possible to separate the signals of individual magnets from the overall magnetic field. Instead, the authors (Hofe et al. 2013a) look at the detected patterns of magnetic field fluctuations, which are associated with specific articulatory gestures through statistical modelling. For example, in Fagan et al.
In: Proceedings of Interspeech 2014 Chapter 3 SSI Modalities II: Articulation and Its Consequences Abstract Brain and muscular activity originates the change in shape or position of articulators such as the tongue or lips and, as a consequence, the vocal tract assumes different configurations. Most of these changes, namely of articulators and tract, are internal and are not easy to measure but, in some cases, like the lips or the tongue tip, such changes are visible or have visible effects. Even without the production of speech sound, these different configurations of articulators provide valuable information that can be used in the context of silent speech interfaces (SSIs).
2 Vocal Tract Imaging In recent years, imaging techniques have also played an important role in expanding our knowledge of articulatory features by providing an “inside view” of the vocal tract. Among these are technologies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) both in 2D and 3D, and the novel protocols for real-time MRI (RT-MRI), which enable capturing dynamic aspects of speech production (Scott et al. 2014; Silva and Teixeira 2015). With these, the various articulators can be sensed, from the lips to the larynx, with a considerable frame rate.
An Introduction to Silent Speech Interfaces by João Freitas, António Teixeira, Miguel Sales Dias, Samuel Silva