By Inderjit, K.G. Mukerji
Biological regulate of plant ailments and plant pathogens is of serious value in forestry and agriculture. there's nice incentive to find biologically energetic ordinary items from better crops which are greater than man made agrochemicals and are a lot more secure, from a wellbeing and fitness and environmental point-of-view. the advance of ordinary items equivalent to herbicides, fungicides, and their position in organic keep watch over of plant ailments, shows a discount in environmental and health and wellbeing dangers. Allelopathic recommendations supply a true destiny in fixing numerous difficulties, for example organic keep an eye on of plant pests. This booklet is geared up round the indication that allelochemicals will be hired for organic keep watch over of plant pathogens and plant ailments. in particular, this quantity specializes in (i) discovery and improvement of ordinary product established fungicides for agriculture, (ii) direct use of allelochemicals in addition to oblique results via disguise plants and natural amendments for plant parasitic pest regulate and (iii) software of allelopathy in pest management.
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Additional resources for Allelochemicals: Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases
In this chapter some of the main compounds and studies associated with allelopathy will be mentioned. Terpenoids and phenolics are the most common compounds involved in allelopathic interactions. Terpenoids are the largest group of plant chemicals (15,000-20,000) with a common biosynthethic origin. The terpenoid pathway generates great structural diversity and complexity of compounds, thus generating enormous potential for mediating ecological interactions (Duke, 1991; Langenheim, 1994). Terpenoids may produce effects on seeds and soil microbiota through volatilization, leaching from plants, or decomposition of plant debris.
S. Allelochemicals for control of plant-parasitic nematodes. 1. In vivo nematicidal efficacy of thymol and thymol/benzaldehyde combinations. Nematropica 1996; 26: 57-71. W. On the use of furfural to control nematodes in sugarcane. Proceedings of the Annual Congress – South African Sugar Technologists Association 1997; 71:96. C. Reproduction of Meloidogyne arenaria, M. incognita, and M. javanica on sesame. Suppl J Nematol 1995; 27: 624-627. Steiner, G. Proc. Proc Biol Soc Washington 1941; 54:31-34.
2002). , 2002). , 1994). This difference in phytotoxicity may be due to the difference in host plants tested or to the presence of microorganisms in soil compared to the relatively uncontaminated conditions that occur in vitro and in potting media. 5. CONCLUSIONS The use of allelopathic compounds in either their native, degraded, or processed forms for plant-parasitic nematode management is receiving increased attention as agricultural producers face increasing restrictions on chemical biocides and nematicides.
Allelochemicals: Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases by Inderjit, K.G. Mukerji